Founder and CEO
There are three broad camps represented in this vigorous debate. The “biology” camp argues that men and women are biologically different with few social influences causing these variations. The “abilities” camp views women as lacking in abilities and interests that are required for careers in science and engineering. The “societal influence” camp argues that rather than abilities, it’s the societal conditions that thwart women's’ interests in STEM careers. Each of these perspectives have received research attention making it possible to evaluate the arguments more objectively.
First, here’s a brief overview of the key perspectives on the root causes for gender differences. For each I highlight where the science supports and refutes specific claims.
While these major theories help us organize our thinking about gender differences, what does the science say about specific capabilities of each gender? Are they really substantially different, and if so are they the result of biological differences or influenced by socialization?